The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity, and measures a company’s ability to meet its short-term obligations with its most liquid assets. Because we're only concerned with the most liquid assets, the ratio excludes inventories from current assets. Quick ratio is calculated as follows:
Quick ratio = (current assets – inventories) / current liabilities, or
Quick ratio = (cash and equivalents + marketable securities + accounts receivable) / current liabilities
The quick ratio is also known as the acid-test ratio.
Source : Investopedia