While most news covers sports and politics in a largely intuitive language that caters to a wide audience, stock market news is typically delivered to a more educated, affluent demographic that is assumed to be well-versed in investing jargon – even more so in updates reporting the quarterly and annual successes of a publicly traded company.

In order to get a better understanding of what you read, we’ll briefly explore the terms you commonly encounter in market news – specifically when a company announces its earnings. This article will illustrate where you will see these words, what they mean, and what they pose for a company, using excerpts from an earnings news report covering a fictional company, Hemlock Incorporated.

Source : Investopedia