What is the 'Enterprise Value (EV)'
The Enterprise Value, or EV for short, is a measure of a company's total value, often used as a more comprehensive alternative to equity market capitalization. Enterprise value is calculated as the market capitalization plus debt, minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents.
EV = market value of common stock + market value of preferred equity + market value of debt + minority interest - cash and investments.
Often times, the minority interest and preferred equity is effectively zero, although this need not be the case.
Source : Investopedia